History of the uprising in West Java TII and its causes
One type of rebellion that gives many people memories of its time is IN TII West Java. This is because the incident was enough to cause many casualties. In fact, the event also occurred in a fairly long period of time. So many people still remember it today.
Even after the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, people fought even harder. National heroes face many events that are already much more numerous than during the Indonesian struggle. Even then, the resistance that occurred came from the Indonesian people themselves. The incident occurred because the ideology was not in line with the government.
Many groups of individuals are dissatisfied with what the Indonesian government is implementing. So there were quite a few rebels from the people themselves, for example, the DI TII movement. Where the center itself is in the regional part of Indonesia, like West Java itself.
There are still many places in Indonesia such as Kalimantan, Aceh or Sulawesi. But in the end, the efforts that took place were also successfully thwarted by the government. The attempt to thwart was a success because resistance was given quite fiercely by various parties. Pergerakan it is still widely known by the public.
Contexts of TII West Java
The darul Islam action of the Indonesian Islamic Army itself is a movement in the political field with the beginning of development in the Tasikmalaya region. This resistance was originally exposed by the Islamic State of Indonesia. Precisely on August 7 , 1949. This happened a few years after the proclamation.
The uprising in West Java led by sekarmadji figure Maridjan Kartosoewirjo aimed to create Indonesia to become an Islamic state where the end was to proclaim nii itself. This event itself happened because Kartosoewirjo felt disappointed by the content of the Renville agreement.
It is believed that the content of the treaty itself abuses the honor of the hero of independence. The content of the treaty itself was the Indonesian state which was forced by the Dutch to abandon the West Java region. Indeed, as much as this resistance occurred, Kartosoewirjo was already a politician. So it’s not surprising to have a lot of political experience.
Even in indonesia’s Sarekat Islam party, Beliau is very fanatical about the religion of Islam. He also had the idea of a hijra policy in which, in his direction, it should beused. The background of TII West Java unites every branch in Indonesia agar can fight against a government that disagrees.
It’s not just moving because of a commonality of a religious ideology. The leaders and members of the movement were also initiated by its west Java leader. This resistance was actually due to the fact that Kartosoewirjo was unhappy with the independence of the Republic of Indonesia which was still overshadowed by the Dutch who wanted to continue to control Indonesia.
The purpose of creating a movement in TII
The appearance ofpemberontakan IN TII West Java was led by the head of the Sekarmadji community Maridjan Kartosoewirjo himself because it was to achieve the goal according to his wishes. As an action, INDEED, TII itself is trying to create a country where the basis is Sharia to Islam. In addition, the country was liberated by Dutch colonization.
For more details, the purpose of this resistance itself is to create a state-recognized Indonesian Islamic State . In fact, they also want to be recognized by international law. In addition, this resistance also formed because it wanted to make Indonesia a country that had an Islamic base.
The leader of this action is to make Islamic law so that it becomes the law of the Indonesian state, of course, guided by two things, namely the hadith and the Qur’an. Not only that, they formedan Islamic state because they wanted to change the laws of the government so that they were the same as Islam.
The purpose of forming the uprising in West Java was because the characters rejected the ideology and laws of the hadith and qur’an. Even in addition to the existence of these two things, they argue that if they follow the other, they are considered infidels. But this is very unfortunate, because the main purpose of this movement was to fight the Dutch.
But it turned out to be radical. As everyone knows, Indonesia itself has the widest variety of beliefs. Where there are 6 largest religions in it and have been recognized by the state as well. It is therefore not wise to make Islam more special than other religions.
Founder of the uprising in TII West Java
The emergence of the DI action itself was initially due to the fact that two people were suspected of having an important role in the formation of the action. About the first person is jusuf Tauziri’s kyai. He is said to be the founder in the early stages of creating a peaceful Islamic movement.
But in the end, he also withdrew his support for Kartosoewirjo to fight the Indonesian state. However, many people know that the main character of DI himself is Kartosoewirjo. The figure of a figure born and raised in the Java region himself almost spent his time making a career in West Java.
In fact, he himself is also not from West Java, but originally a Central Javanese, born in Cepu. The location of the area itself is between Bojonegoro and Blora. The character who was born on February 7, 1905, received an education using Dutch in primary school and his first menegah.
In fact, according to his history, he also didn’t have much knowledge about the religion of Islam and the Arabic language. There was even a course to be able to enter the tabibab school of the Dutch East Indies which is located in Surabaya. It was in this region that he met H. Oemar Said who later became the president of PSII.
The DI TII West Java movement itself was initially a bad reaction given by Kartosoewirjo and his group on the rejection of the Renville agreement. The agreement was concluded by agreement of Indonesia and the Netherlands. This is what makes up darul Islam and its members of the army is TII itself.
Suppression of the insurgency in West Java IIT
As many people know, the TII West Java event is the biggest event in the country and almost everyone remembers it. Even in some places, it also supports the movement. In order to be able to form a state in accordance with the Islamic religion.
Even the government of the Republic of Indonesia at that time had also just declared its independence and fought against the Dutch again. The government again faced resistance from its own people. Of course, this forces the government to strive to get a lot of things in order to eradicate the movement. The aim is that negara can also be maintained in integration.
In West Java, this crackdown began peacefully. Where Moh Natsir formed the committee. But the method that was performed did not work. After that, he was again pursued using another method, namely the use of military operations. In the end, Kartosoewirjo was arrested in 1962 in the area of Mount Salak.
The operation also involved the community so that the movement of LA TII MEMBERS was restricted. As for the punishment given is to die. Indeed, the action in TII West Java is not a few victims and becomes a major event after independence that you need to know.